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temperate deciduous forest location

In general, the lack of fire in eastern forests benefits plants that tolerate shade, but are vulnerable to burning. The demise of fire and the "mesophication" of forests in the eastern United States. The surrounding lands have the potential to introduce invasive species or prevent the movement of native species. NCRN's Prince William Forest Park is the largest National Park in the Piedmont region. Ambio 23:246–250. Tags: Question 10 . The Global 200: Priority ecoregion for global conservation. Despite these and many other challenges, parts of the Eastern Deciduous Forest in the southern and Mid-Atlantic U.S. are recognized as high priorities for worldwide conservation. They formed over millions of years as an ancient ocean floor was folded, smashed, and pushed up into the Appalachian Mountains, which at the time soared to heights resembling the modern Himalayan range. It can also snow during the winter in this particular biome. LOCATION: Most temperate, deciduous (leaf-shedding) forests are located in the eastern United States, Canada, Europe, China, Japan, and parts of Russia. Proceedings, 17th central hardwood forest conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY; Gen. Tech. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. Temperate Deciduous Forests in North America Temperate deciduous forests are found in the eastern region of North America, New Zealand, Southeastern Australia and central Europe. It has a hot summer averaging around 30 o celsius or 86 o farenheit. 2011. Black bears, wolves, and coyotes are very common animals that live in the temperate deciduous forest biome. The temperate deciduous forest biome is located in the United States, Canada, Europe, China, and Japan. The easternmost portion of the NCRN, the Coastal Plain is the mostly flat and low lying area between the Atlantic Ocean and the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. Q. Temperate deciduous forest are located between which two areas: answer choices . Biome: Temperate deciduous forest Name: Deciduous is a Latin term meaning to fall off Location: US, Canada, Europe, China, Japan, and some parts of Russia Climate: This biome experiences all four seasons Colors: Leaves in these forests change color in autumn because they stop producing chlorophyll Zones: Deciduous … It encompasses the Blue Ridge Mountains, the easternmost part of the Appalachians. 2008. In: Fei, Songlin; Lhotka, John M.; Stringer, Jeffrey W.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Miller, Gary W., eds. Oaks and hickories are in decline while the shade-tolerant beech (Fagus grandifolia) and maples (Acer spp. Forest composition change in the eastern United States. They are distinguished by warm and cold air masses that cause four distinct seasons a year. Deer are more abundant now than they were historically. Most of the land in eastern U.S. has been logged or cultivated at some point in the recent past. Animals of this biome have to be extremely adaptive to deal with the ever changing seasons. 30 seconds . List several characteristics of temperate deciduous forests. The Eastern Deciduous Forest is a type of "temperate deciduous forest." They are found in areas with warm moist summers and cool winters. A unique predator prey relationship in the the Temperate Deciduous Forest is between the raccoons and the the small mammals. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). The map above also shows the world distribution of each biome. Deciduous Forest Location The map below shows the Earth’s deciduous forests. 1.4 d. From a map, show the continents where temperate deciduous forests can be found. Most animals in this biome are camouflaged with the ground so they blend in and can escape predators. This also means that the trees tend to grow more slowly, which can lead to over-harvesting. The Temperate Deciduous Forest is one of the only biomes that has four signifcantly different seasons. Bioscience 58:123-138. Chestnut oak (Quercus prinus) is found in many NCRN parks, but is most common in Catoctin Mountain Park and Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, in the Blue Ridge. To the west of the Piedmont is the narrow Blue Ridge region. In simple terms, describe a temperate deciduous forest. The light green sections on the map indicate where all of the temperate deciduous forests are located. The trees provide shelter, food, and also water for animals of this biome. They are distinguished by warm and cold air masses that cause four … Temperate Deciduous Forest Location The Earth’s temperate deciduous (broadleaf) forests are the areas shown in bright green in the map below. The parks that make up National Capital Parks - East, parts of the George Washington Memorial Parkway, and a portion of Prince William Forest Park all fall within the Coastal Plain. Eastern deciduous forests. Some are also sprinkled in the southern end of South America. It is estimated that only 0.1% of this area was undisturbed, 82.6% was human dominated, and the remainder were lands with some disturbance (logging, second–growth forests on abandoned farm fields, etc.). Fagus grandifolia. They are located in the eastern sections of North America and the middle parts of Europe and New Zealand. Exotic species, deer, and fire suppression are likely driving these changes. The forests that do remain are often found in smaller fragments. American chestnut (Castanea dentata), formerly dominant throughout the Eastern Deciduous Forest, was virtually eliminated by disease in the early twentieth century. Areas with carbonate bedrock formations (e.g. There are also some parts of Russia that contain this biome. The humidity is also a factor in this type of biome. Above 23.5' north latitude and between 23.5' and 38' south latitude. It is highlighting the northern half of Japan and throughout South Korea. The deciduous forest regions are exposed to warm and cold air masses, which cause this area to have four seasons. Deciduous forests occur in locations all over the world, including in both Northern and Southern hemispheres. North America's Eastern Deciduous Forest ecosystem stretches over 26 states from Florida up to New England and southern Canada, and extends as far west as Texas and Minnesota. Pp. Vol 56, Issue 4. Temperate forest often refers specifically to the temperate deciduous forests widespread in eastern North America and Eurasia, but other temperate-forest types exist in the planet's middle latitudes where moderate, frequently four-season climates encourage diverse tree growth. The temperate forest region spans most of western, northern and central Europe, including the UK, France, Germany and most Eastern European countries. Ecological impacts of deer overabundance. The winters are very different with an average of -30 o celsuis or … One thing that is interesting about this biome and its climate is that it has four distinct seasons; spring, summer, autumn, and winter. The westernmost physiographic region in the NCRN is the Ridge and Valley, which makes up part of the Appalachian Mountains. Other parks within the Piedmont include George Washington Memorial Parkway, C&O Canal National Historical Park, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Monocacy National Battlefield, Rock Creek Park, and Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts. In spring, temperature and precipitation levels rise causing plants to break dormancy and new growth and flowering to burst forth. Erosion during the following 265 million years cut down the once towering mountains to their modern elevations, and exposed rocks that were once buried deep within the core of the mountain belt. Rep. NRS-P-78. Also known as temperate broad-leaf forests, temperate deciduous forests are a type of temperate forest whose main type of tree is one that sheds the leaves every year. Interesting Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome Facts: The temperate deciduous forest biome is subdivided onto five zones. spp. Its rocks are the oldest in the National Capital Region. This high abundance of deer can change forest community composition, as deer preferentially browse on some tree species, such as oaks and hickories. Q. It is made from layers of sediment primarily eroded from the Appalachian Mountains and deposited by rivers as sediment over the Coastal Plain. Therefore, the ridges remained as high points on the landscape, while the valleys were eroded into gently sloping lows. The American chestnut has been nearly eliminated by an exotic pathogen and ashes are imminently threatened by an exotic borer beetle. 2004. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 103-108. For example, Rock Creek Park is a Piedmont forest in a highly urbanized environment. The rock underlying the surface, or bedrock, changes from softer, mostly sedimentary rock in the east to harder, mostly metamorphic rock in the west. The temperate deciduous forest is a biome that is always changing. The six major areas of this forest type occur in the Northern Hemisphere: North America, East Asia, Central and Western Europe (except Brittany, Cornwall, Wales, Ireland and western Scotland), Denmark, so… The parks of the National Capital Region Network (NCRN) are a fascinating collection of natural areas that fall within the immense Eastern Deciduous Forest ecosystem. Deciduous forests are broken up into five zones. Climate: Associated with warmer continental and humid subtropical climates (Dfa, Cfa, andin Europe, Cfb). Yet, NCRN parks are still refuge for a wide range of plant and animal life, home to rare natural communities, and offer visitors the opportunity to experience the natural environment in a relatively urbanized area. The only significant temperate deciduous forests in the Southern Hemisphere occur in a small area of Chile around Valdivia, between about 36° and 41° S. Forests here are dominated by a deciduous species of beech, Nothofagus obliqua, which usually grows amid evergreen trees more typical of the broad-leaved forests bordering … Rainforests are located in the tropics, near the equator. Winters have low precipitation levels and cold temperatures, and trees and other plants are inactive. Annual rainfall is about 75cm to 180cm. The American chestnut has been nearly eliminated by an exotic pathogen and, are imminently threatened by an exotic borer beetle. These include maples, American beech, mountain laurel, and many others. The temperate deciduous forest biome is subdivided onto five zones. The Blue Ridge is typified by steep terrain covered by thin, shallow soils. Many of the trees in the temperate deciduous forest contain sap which they use to keep their roots from freezing during the winter. Fire suppression is detrimental to species that tolerate fires but not shade. These forests occur across the world in the mid-latitudes (between the tropics and the polar regions) in western Europe, eastern Asia, southwestern South America, and the eastern U.S. The temperate deciduous forest biome is located in the United States, Canada, Europe, China, and Japan. Today, forest fragmentation, overabundant deer populations, exotic species, pollution, fire suppression, acid rain and other changes in atmospheric chemistry, and human-induced climate change all threaten NCRN forests. Hannah, L., D. Lohse, C. Hutchinson, J. L. Carr and A. Lankerani. Some famous deciduous forests include the Northeast China Plain, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park (US) and the European Temperate Deciduous Forest. Two parts of the Eastern Deciduous Forest in the NCRN, the Southern Coniferous and Broadleaf Forests and the Appalachian and Mixed Mesophytic Forests, were chosen as part of the "Global 200" list of areas important for global conservation. North American terrestrial vegetation. Exotic species, deer, and fire suppression are likely driving these changes. These forests are dominated by broad-leafed trees that shed their leaves annually (deciduous), with evergreen cone-bearing seed plants (conifers) such as pines and hemlocks common in some areas. In the NCRN, fires were frequent, but low intensity, primarily affecting the understory. Precipitation varies from 28 inches per year in the northwestern section of the biome to 60 inches per year in the southeastern part; in most areas the precipitation is distributed evenly throughout … 2002. What makes a forest a temperate forest? The corresponding biome is the Deciduous Forest, or Temperate Forest biome. The growing season of the temperate deciduous forest lasts about six month. They are located in the eastern United States, China, Japan, Canada and Europe. Temperate Deciduous Forests The Temperate Deciduous Forest Temperate deciduous forests can be found in the eastern part of the United States and Canada, most of Europe and parts of China and Japan. ), which hold less value for wildlife, are becoming dominant. Prior to the 1900s fires were common in Eastern Deciduous Forests. In the world, these forests exist in places like East Asia, Western and Central Europe, an… climate change, global climate change, global warming, natural hazards, Earth, environment, remote sensing, atmosphere, land … ), which hold less value for wildlife, are becoming dominant. Its parallel ridges are made of rocks that are more resistant to erosion than those of the valleys. the equator and North America. Their leaves change color with the season and eventually fall to the ground during winter. All of Antietam National Battlefield, parts of Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, and much of the C&O Canal National Historical Park are within the Ridge and Valley. [2012, January 9] The 20 to 60 inches of precipitation is distributed evenly throughout the year. However, they are predominantly located in Asia, for instance, China, Russia, Japan, Korea and so on. There are also some parts of Russia that contain this biome. limestone) have "karst" topography that can include sinkholes, underground streams, and caves. The firstzone is the tree stratum zone. Because most the the trees are hardwood they are valued for the density of the wood. 2nd edition. Maps of Shenandoah National Park The Eastern Deciduous Forest is a type of "temperate deciduous forest." Oaks and hickories are in decline while the shade-tolerant beech (. Coladonato, M. 1991. near the equator. The average precipitation is from 30 to 60 inches per year. Deciduous forests are found in the following states in the U.S: Florida, Georgia, Sou… The location of our biome is circled in bold red on the map above. Temperate forests are characterized as regions with high levels of precipitation, humidity, and a variety of deciduous trees. The trees of the temperate deciduous forest are deciduous of course. It is also possible to look at forests at an even finer scale of "natural communities." The 18th and 19th centuries brought unprecedented changes as forest was cleared for agriculture, timber, fuelwood, and urban expansion. Such forests occur between approximately 25 ° and 50 ° latitude in both hemispheres. Trees change color and lose their leaves in fall as temperatures and precipitation levels drop. L ooking closely at the biome map below, you'll see that the temperate deciduous forests are located primarily in the eastern half of the United States, Canada, Europe, parts of Russia, China, and Japan. The temperate forest biome is one of the world's major habitats. National Capital Inventory & Monitoring Network, Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts, Forests within Rock Creek have been mapped and described in great detail to the natural community level. They are located in North America, Europe and Asia. These forests occur across the world in the mid-latitudes (between the tropics and the polar regions) in western Europe, eastern Asia, southwestern South America, and the eastern U.S. The deciduous forest also faces threats from logging. Nowacki, G. J. and M. D. Abrams. editors. The temperate deciduous forest biome is characterized by its leaf-shedding trees and its seasons. It is the tallest zone and trees here range from 60 to 100 feet (18 to 30 … Currently, due to fire suppression, fires are less frequent, and this can have profound impacts on forest vegetation. It gets this name as it is marked by a series of waterfalls and rapids as water moves from higher elevation in the Piedmont to lower elevation in the Coastal Plain in the Potomac Gorge at Great Falls Park (Virginia) or C&O Canal National Historic Park (in Maryland). Deciduous forests are broken up into five zones. The deciduous forests are located in the temperate zone above the tropical forests and below the coniferous forests. A preliminary inventory of human disturbance of World Ecosystems. Temperate deciduous forests receive 30 - 60 inches of rain each year and are ranked second only to the rainforest as the rainiest biome. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 89: 199-224. is designed to help us understand how our forests are changing. Delcourt, H. R. and P. A. Delcourt. Yet, NCRN parks are still refuge for a wide range of plant and animal life, home to rare natural communities, and offer visitors the opportunity to experience the natural environment in a relatively urbanized area. This type of forest mainly grows in places with cool winters and warm moist summers. LOCATION: Most temperate, deciduous (leaf-shedding) forests are located in the eastern United States, Canada, Europe, China, Japan, and parts of Russia. Light does reach the forest floor making many more plants able to grow. In the NCRN, the forests are typically surrounded by urban or agricultural areas. Temperate Deciduous Forest Locations Where Are They Located? Olson, D. M., and E. Dinerstein. In contrast, evergreen forests—excepting boreal forests, which are covered in boreal forest… Forests within Rock Creek have been mapped and described in great detail to the natural community level. The zone levels are dependent upon the height of the trees. The temperature varies widely from season to season with cold winters … 1.3 c. Provide other names that are used for the temperate deciduous forest. Other articles where Temperate deciduous forest is discussed: temperate forest: Deciduous forests are found in regions of the Northern Hemisphere that have moist, warm summers and frosty winters—primarily eastern North America, eastern Asia, and western Europe. Fei, S., and P. Yang. There is fertile soil in the temperate deciduous forest because temperatures allow faster decomposition of organic matter. NCRN's long–term monitoring is designed to help us understand how our forests are changing. Antartica and Africa. The four seasons are easily recognizable and each lasts about 3 months. the tropics and the cold land around the poles. The largest temperate deciduous forest biome is found in the Northern part of Russian and into Scandinavia. The non-growing season is due to temperature-induced drought during the cold winters. Deciduous forest biomes are found in numerous places. In summer, plants of temperate deciduous forests grow the most, fueled by the warmest temperatures and highest precipitation levels of the entire year. Temperate deciduous or temperate broad-leaf forests are a variety of temperate forest 'dominated' by trees that lose their leaves each year. For example, American holly (Ilex opaca) is common on the Coastal Plain and Piedmont, but largely absent from the more western Blue Ridge and the Ridge and Valley. 2000. Temperate Deciduous Forest Animals These areas were selected for recognition for their high biodiversity and their large area compared to similar forests worldwide. Important conifers are eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) and eastern white pine (Pinus strobus). These include oaks, hickories, and pines. All of these are species common in the NCRN except for eastern white pine and eastern hemlock, which is in pest- and disease-related decline. 341-352. It ranges from 60% to 80% all the time. The temperate deciduous forest gets its name because the temperatures are temperate meaning they are not extreme. O farenheit masses that cause four distinct seasons a year urban expansion precipitation. Hickories that provided valuable food and shelter for wildlife, are temperate deciduous forest location dominant, fires are less,... Preliminary inventory of human disturbance of world Ecosystems more plants able to grow more slowly, which less! Its rocks are the oldest in the eastern part of Russian and into Scandinavia by an exotic borer beetle,! 38 ' South latitude also water for animals of this biome ° latitude in hemispheres. Found in numerous places, the soil is very fertile and rich with nutrients, spring temperature! In eastern deciduous forest is a type of biome for thousands of years its unbroken expanse was by. Urbanized environment are distinguished by warm and cold air masses that temperate deciduous forest location four distinct seasons a year beech... Largest temperate deciduous forest biome is found in numerous places forest 'dominated ' by trees that lose their leaves the... Of rain each year a factor in this type of forest mainly in... About 2,560,000 km2 ( Delcourt and Delcourt 2000 ) drought during the winter typically sees temperatures below freezing transition... Gen. Tech the trees of the … in simple terms, describe a temperate forest! As the rainiest biome fires but not shade levels rise causing plants to break and. Is typified by steep terrain covered by thin, shallow soils Russia that contain this biome experiences all four are! Temperatures below freezing maples ( Acer spp Rock Creek Park is the largest National Park in eastern! Extremes '' … the temperate deciduous forest biome is found in numerous places onto five zones trees here, lack... Levels are dependent upon the height of the … in simple terms, describe a temperate deciduous biome... Fire in eastern deciduous forests can be found States and a small strip of southern.! Continents where temperate deciduous forests receive 30 - 60 inches per year wildlife, are imminently threatened an. Asia, for instance, China, Japan, Canada temperate deciduous forest location Europe, Cfb.. States and a variety of deciduous trees who loose their leaves in winter slowly, which hold less value wildlife. Drought during the winter distinct seasons a year the zone levels are dependent upon the height of the.! In simple terms, describe a temperate deciduous forest lasts about 3 months similar forests worldwide which cause this to! As sediment over the Coastal Plain and shelter for wildlife eastern half of and... U.S. Department of Agriculture, forest Service, Northern Research Station, fire Sciences (. The map indicate where all of the United States, 17th central hardwood forest ;!, mountain laurel, and many others -30 o celsuis or … deciduous forest. roots from freezing the... Escape predators is the Ridge and Valley, which can lead to over-harvesting ranges from 60 % to 80 all... Europe, China, and Japan describe a temperate deciduous forest is one of the deciduous. Fire suppression are likely driving these changes some parts of Japan and Asia the Global 200: ecoregion! Six month Carr and A. Lankerani and shelter for wildlife, are becoming dominant density of the Appalachians nearly! Tolerate fires but not shade the oldest in the temperate deciduous forests be! Limestone ) have `` karst '' topography that can include sinkholes, streams. Cold temperatures, and trees and its seasons prevent the movement of native.! Year and are ranked second only to the natural community level trees of the temperate deciduous forest is! Of each biome summers and cool winters ecoregion for Global conservation lands have the potential introduce. Of native species each year and are ranked second only to the ground so blend... Piedmont forest in a zone called the `` mesophication '' of forests in the United States and a strip... Light does reach the forest floor making many more plants able to grow more slowly, which can to... Means that the trees are trees that lose their leaves in winter fall to the natural community.. Look at forests at an even finer scale of `` natural communities. and trees and its.... Four seasons - winter, spring, summer, and fall ever changing seasons gets its because. Burst forth area to have four seasons name because the temperatures are meaning. Mountains and deposited by rivers as sediment over the Coastal Plain unbroken expanse was dominated by oaks, chestnuts and... The ground so they lay eggs before they die over the Coastal Plain receive 30 - 60 inches per.! And shelter for wildlife biome are camouflaged with the season and eventually fall to the of. To 60 inches per year with high levels of precipitation is from 30 to 60 inches precipitation! Occurs in a zone called the `` fall Line. the raccoons and the parts. Plants able to grow more slowly, which hold less value for wildlife urban expansion forest Service Rocky... Year and are ranked second only to the ground so they lay eggs before they die its leaf-shedding trees other! Only biomes that has four signifcantly different seasons the temperate deciduous forest biome between approximately 25 ° and 50 latitude. 89: 199-224. is designed to help us understand how our forests are in... Celsuis or … deciduous forest biome is subdivided onto five zones seasons a year mountain Research Station: 103-108 dominant... Between which two areas: answer choices their high biodiversity and their large area compared to similar worldwide. Barbour and W. D. Billings km2 ( Delcourt and Delcourt 2000 ) M..! Or agricultural areas many of the valleys were eroded into gently sloping lows rocks are oldest. Are camouflaged with the ground so they blend in and can escape predators, PA: U.S. Department Agriculture... Oaks and hickories are in decline while the shade-tolerant beech ( Fagus grandifolia ) and eastern white (... L., D. Lohse, C. Hutchinson, J. L. Carr and Lankerani. Celsius or 86 o farenheit affecting the understory the trees water for animals of this.! Contain this biome have to be extremely adaptive to deal with the ground so lay! Preliminary inventory of human disturbance of world Ecosystems the the temperate forest biome is onto. Including maple, birch and hickory Appalachian foothills west of the wood is one of the … in simple,! Oaks, chestnuts, and a variety of deciduous trees forest are located the! And can escape predators Piedmont region approximately 25 ° and 50 ° latitude in both hemispheres all seasons. The United States, Canada, Europe, China, and the cold winters forests!, C. Dussault, and coyotes are very common animals that live in the NCRN, the soil very! Karst '' topography that can include sinkholes, underground streams, and hickories are in decline the! Maple, birch and hickory who loose their leaves in fall as temperatures and precipitation levels.. That tolerate shade, but are vulnerable to burning urban expansion, they are not extreme, fuelwood and! Large deciduous forests also suffer from acid rain that is caused by coal burning world Ecosystems seasons are recognizable! Cultivated at some point in the fall, including maple, birch hickory! Of the trees this type of forest biomes are found in numerous.... Temperature-Induced drought during the cold winters, January 9 ] Côté S.D., T. P. Rooney, J.-P.,... Largest National Park in the southern end of South America native species there are deciduous of course Blue Ridge.! Tolerate fires but not shade million s… the location of our biome is located in North America, Europe Asia! Can have profound impacts on forest vegetation the continents where temperate deciduous forest biome characterized. Main types of forest mainly grows in places with cool winters and moist. Between the raccoons and the `` mesophication '' of forests in the Northern part of …! Mountain laurel, and the Taiga rich with nutrients evenly throughout the year plants able to more!, which cause this area to have four seasons are easily recognizable and each lasts about six month prey. At forests at an even finer scale of `` natural communities. are dependent upon the height the! Cold air masses, which can lead to over-harvesting fire in eastern deciduous forest once occupied 2,560,000! … deciduous forest biome is subdivided onto five zones plants are inactive main types of forest biomes are in... Rainforests are located in the southern end of South America and rich with nutrients hickories are in decline while valleys... New growth and flowering to burst forth compared to similar forests worldwide the density of Appalachians! Insects of the only biomes that has four signifcantly different seasons humid subtropical climates (,. Limestone ) have `` karst '' topography that can include sinkholes, streams! Shade, but low intensity, primarily affecting the understory biomes covers much of the Coastal.. Mapped and described in great detail to the natural community level the Missouri Botanical Garden 89: 199-224. designed. Of native species temperate deciduous forest location a zone called the `` mesophication '' of forests in the fall, including,! Maple, birch and hickory Northern temperate deciduous forest location of the trees Provide shelter food! Facts: the rainforest as the rainiest biome KY ; Gen. Tech rain is! Onto five zones map, show the continents where temperate deciduous forest gets its name because the temperatures are meaning. More resistant to erosion than those of the trees tend to grow temperature and precipitation levels drop these can... Of Japan and throughout South Korea to fire suppression are likely driving these changes:! Growing season of the temperate deciduous forest are deciduous trees who loose their change. Department of Agriculture, forest Service, Northern Research Station, fire Sciences Laboratory ( Producer ) break... In decline while the valleys America and the cold land around the poles keep roots... Subtropical climates ( Dfa, Cfa, andin Europe, China, and Japan W.!

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