Can you visit from outside Europe? Persians went to the West and intermarried with the Gaetulians and became the Numidians. , On 29 and 30 November 2016, Tunisia held an investment conference Tunisia2020 to attract $30 billion in investment projects.  Consequently, the region underwent rapid urbanisation as famines depopulated the countryside and industry shifted from agriculture to manufactures. , In 2017 a handful of men were arrested for eating in public during Ramadan; they were convicted of committing "a provocative act of public indecency" and sentenced to month-long jail sentences. Tunisia finalised the tariffs dismantling for industrial products in 2008 and therefore was the first non-EU Mediterranean country to enter in a free trade area with EU. Russell", "Saladin and the Ayyubid Campaigns in the Maghrib", "Amnesty International censures Tunisia over human right", "BBC News | OBITUARIES | Habib Bourguiba: Father of Tunisia", "Tunisians hail fall of ex-leader's corrupt family", "Tunisie: comment s'enrichit le clan Ben Ali? The most famous Tunisian handball player is Wissem Hmam. , Oil production began in 1966 in Tunisia. areas are the responsibility of the Direction Générale du Génie Rurale (DGGR). Spain, Tel: +34 91 436 4093 A file photo shows protesters outside the local government office in Kasserine, the impoverished central town, Tunisia, January 21, 2016.  By 1870 the distinction between the Arabic-speaking mass and the Turkish elite had blurred.  Tunisia refused a French request for the extradition of two of the President's nephews, from Leila's side, who were accused by the French State prosecutor of having stolen two mega-yachts from a French marina. Following an explosion in central Tunis on 24th November 2015, a state-of-emergency was imposed. ACP (CARIFORUM-EU EPA) SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON. Read more about the role of the European Council There are harsh penalties (long prison sentences and heavy fines) for possession of illegal drugs, including small amounts of ‘soft’ illegal drugs. From the conclusion of the Second Punic War in 202 BC, Carthage functioned as a client state of the Roman Republic for another 50 years..  Tunisia flourished under Arab rule when extensive systems were constructed to supply towns with water for household use and irrigation that promoted agriculture (especially olive production). In 2009, there were 12.02 physicians and 33.12 nurses per 10,000 inhabitants. Although Tunisia managed an average 5% growth over the last decade it continues to suffer from a high unemployment especially among youth. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881.  Italian is understood and spoken by a small part of the Tunisian population.  The protests inspired the Arab Spring, a wave of similar actions throughout the Arab world. It was founded in 1949 and brings together French and Tunisian Muslims, Christians and Jews. , In 2010, spending on healthcare accounted for 3.37% of the country's GDP. We advise Irish citizens in Tunisia to exercise a high degree of caution and a strong level of security awareness. In 2008 it had a GDP of US$41 billion (official exchange rates), or $82 billion (purchasing power parity).. It’s advisable to take a number of photocopies of your passport with you when travelling to Tunisia and you should carry a photocopy of your passport at all times during your stay. Make sure to leave your name, mobile number, current location and the nature of the emergency, and an Embassy Duty Officer will return your call. Tunisia is a Muslim country and its laws and customs reflect this.  These galleries include Gallery Yahia in Tunis and Carthage Essaadi gallery. There are 29 airports in Tunisia, with Tunis Carthage International Airport and Djerba–Zarzis International Airport being the most important ones. Silvia Colombo, Hamza Meddeb WHAT KIND OF FUTURE FOR THE EU-TUNISIA DCFTA? In 1910 there were 105,000 Italians in Tunisia.. In 1881, using the pretext of a Tunisian incursion into Algeria, the French invaded with an army of about 36,000 and forced the Bey to agree to the terms of the 1881 Treaty of Bardo (Al Qasr as Sa'id). Prime Minister Édouard Philippe chose to make Tunisia the destination of his first visit outside the European Union. In another development, Youssef Rekik reused the technique of painting on glass and founded Nja Mahdaoui calligraphy with its mystical dimension. Be aware that pickpockets operate in crowded marketplaces and bag-snatching does happen in tourist areas. The agricultural sector accounts for 11.6% of the GDP, industry 25.7%, and services 62.8%. In the 2008 Summer Olympics, Tunisian Oussama Mellouli won a gold medal in 1500 meter freestyle. A new airport, Enfidha – Hammamet International Airport opened in 2011. The Tunisia national football team, also known as "The Eagles of Carthage," won the 2004 African Cup of Nations (ACN), which was held in Tunisia. It may cause offence to eat, drink or smoke in public during this time.  The regime obstructed in any way possible the work of local human rights organizations. It has been extended on a number of occasions and remains in place. Winters are cool and damp, particularly in coastal areas. , At the beginning of recorded history, Tunisia was inhabited by Berber tribes. You should follow the instructions of local authorities and keep yourself informed of the situation on the ground by, for example, staying in contact with tour operator or other local sources of information.  According to another source the population of Arabs is estimated to be <40% to 98%, and that of Berbers at 1% to over 60%. Tanit's symbol, a simple female figure with extended arms and long dress, is a popular icon found in ancient sites. Berber bishop Donatus Magnus was the founder of a Christian group known as the Donatists. In 2014 Tunisian American creative nonfiction scribe and translator Med-Ali Mekki who wrote many books, not for publication but just for his own private reading translated the new Constitution of the Tunisian Republic from Arabic to English for the first time in Tunisian bibliographical history, the book was published worldwide the following year and it was the Internet's most viewed and downloaded Tunisian book. There are now over 100 legal parties, including several that existed under the former regime. Before long, however, Tunisia became in effect an autonomous province, under the local Bey. ... Rwanda, Serbia, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay. Tunisia is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. The Enseignement secondaire is divided into two stages: general academic and specialized. At the beginning of the 20th century, musical activity was dominated by the liturgical repertoire associated with different religious brotherhoods and secular repertoire which consisted of instrumental pieces and songs in different Andalusian forms and styles of origins, essentially borrowing characteristics of musical language. The proportion of speakers of Berber dialects was at 2% of the population. The Tunisian Revolution was an intensive campaign of civil resistance that was precipitated by high unemployment, food inflation, corruption, a lack of freedom of speech and other political freedoms and poor living conditions. The European Council is the EU institution that defines the general political direction and priorities of the European Union. If the authorities deem that your accommodation is not suitable, you will be required to self-isolate at a government-approved hotel or quarantine facility at your own expense. Fax: +34 91 435 1677, Mr. Moncef Mzabi There was even a huge production of mosaics and ceramics, exported mainly to Italy, in the central area of El Djem (where there was the second biggest amphitheater in the Roman Empire). The EU Council’s list of epidemiologically safe third-countries is a list of non-EU/EEA countries which are considered safe amid the Coronavirus pandemic, due to the low rates of infections. , According to the Tunisian Solar Plan (which is Tunisia's Renewable Energy Strategy not limited to solar, contrary to what its title may suggest, proposed by the National Agency for Energy Conservation), Tunisia's objective is to reach a share of 30% of renewable energies in the electricity mix by 2030, most of which should be accounted for by wind power and photovoltaics. , The national bibliography lists 1249 non-school books published in 2002 in Tunisia, with 885 titles in Arabic. The main field is El Bourma. Called the Granary of the Empire, the area of actual Tunisia and coastal Tripolitania, according to one estimate, produced one million tons of cereals each year, one-quarter of which was exported to the Empire. According to Bulgaria’s Ministry of Health report, […] It is advisable to dress modestly outside of the coastal resorts. , Tunisia had plans for two nuclear power stations, to be operational by 2020. The region was easily reconquered in 533–534 AD, during the rule of Emperor Justinian I, by the Eastern Romans led by General Belisarius. Also, some Tunisian Christians emigrated; some richer members of society did so after the conquest in 698 and others were welcomed by Norman rulers to Sicily or Italy in the 11th and 12th centuries – the logical destination because of the 1200 year close connection between the two regions. If you’re travelling to or living in Tunisia, make sure you know what to do in the event of an earthquake and always follow the advice of local authorities.  The Arab historian Ibn Khaldun wrote that the lands ravaged by Banu Hilal invaders had become completely arid desert. All persons in Tunisia must wear a face mask in public places and workplaces. The Romans occupied Tunisia for most of the next 800 years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the amphitheatre of El Jem. Homosexuality is a criminal offence and sexual relations outside marriage are also punishable by law. The railway network is operated by SNCFT and amounts to 2,135 kilometres (1,327 mi) in total. prev.  This prosperity permitted luxurious court life and was marked by the construction of new palace cities such as al-Abassiya (809) and Raqadda (877). If you are in Tunis, you should avoid the Berges du Lac area, where the US Embassy and other diplomatic missions are located. supervision of small and medium water supplies in the remaining rural , Tunis was taken in 695, re-taken by the Byzantine Eastern Romans in 697, but lost finally in 698. , Rare for the Arab world, women held more than 20% of seats in the country's pre-revolution bicameral parliament. The Tunisian Air Force has 154 aircraft and 4 UAVs. The EU Member States have, however, adopted the list according to their evaluations, some of them not opening the borders at all. Tunisia ranked 17th in the category of "quality of the [higher] educational system" and 21st in the category of "quality of primary education" in The Global Competitiveness Report 2008–9, released by The World Economic Forum.  Those who violate the rules of work and eating during the Islamic month of Ramadan may be arrested and jailed. This period of self-isolation can end after seven days if you receive a negative result on a second PCR test, taken at your own expense. Ennahda's stance on the issue was criticized by hardline Islamists, who wanted strict sharia, but was welcomed by secular parties. The premier football league is the "Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1".  Sharia courts were abolished in 1956. Despite the prestige of the new masters, the country was still unruly, with continuous rioting and fighting between the townsfolk and wandering Arabs and Turks, the latter being subjects of the Muslim Armenian adventurer Karakush. The main clubs are Espérance Sportive de Tunis, Étoile Sportive du Sahel, Club Africain, Club Sportif Sfaxien, Union Sportive Monastirienne, and ES Metlaoui. However, the latest decision will exclude a large number of persons and countries, SchengenVisaInfo.com reports. Remember, the local laws apply to you as a visitor and it is your responsibility to follow them. Under its Turkish governors, the Beys, Tunisia attained virtual independence. There is a risk of kidnap from terrorists operating in the south of Tunisia, close to the border with Algeria. The army is responsible for national defence and also internal security. The Bey of Tunis then, by his own lights but informed by the Turkish example, attempted to effect a modernizing reform of institutions and the economy. After the revolution however, a moderate Islamist government was elected leading to more freedom in the practice of religion. Economic liberalisation provided further opportunities for financial mismanagement, while corrupt members of the Trabelsi family, most notably in the cases of Imed Trabelsi and Belhassen Trabelsi, controlled much of the business sector in the country. The Tunisian authorities may follow up to seek further information and assess if your accommodation is suitable for self-isolation. Currently there are 12 oil fields. Youssef Cherif, Kristina Kausch FOSTERING INCLUSIVENESS: A NEW ROADMAP FOR EU-TUNISIA RELATIONS AND THE ENGAGEMENT WITH CIVIL SOCIETY. The following websites may also be useful: Tunisian Government information on COVID-19. There is a risk of kidnap from terrorists operating in the south of Tunisia, close to the border with Algeria. In 2005, Tunisia came fourth. Ever since, the list has been the same consisting of Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, China, subject to confirmation of reciprocity. The culture of Tunisia is mixed due to its long established history of outside influence from people ‒ such as Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Turks, Italians, Spaniards, and the French ‒ who all left their mark on the country. Rue du Lac Biwa, B.P.  The south of the country is desert. , The Tunisian regime has been criticised[by whom?] Tunisia has participated in peacekeeping efforts in the DROC and Ethiopia/Eritrea. From November 16th, all travellers aged 12 and over arriving in Tunisia will be required to present evidence of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours prior to their arrival. The majority of the population were not Muslim until quite late in the 9th century; a vast majority were during the 10th. Labour unions were said to be an integral part of the protests. Additional crops included beans, figs, grapes, and other fruits. Responsibility for the water supply systems in urban areas and large rural centres is assigned to the Sociéte Nationale d'Exploitation et de Distribution des Eaux It is recommended that before travelling you consult with your airline to establish what restrictions are being applied. , In March 2012, Ennahda declared it will not support making sharia the main source of legislation in the new constitution, maintaining the secular nature of the state. Some countries do not allow electronic devices, larger than smartphones, to be carried in the cabins of aircrafts flying from Tunisia. , The total adult literacy rate in 2008 was 78% and this rate goes up to 97.3% when considering only people from 15 to 24 years old. Purchase comprehensive travel insurance which covers all your intended activities, Register your details with us so that we can contact you quickly in an emergency, such as a natural disaster or a family emergency, Follow us on Twitter @dfatravelwise and @IrlEmbMadrid for the latest travel updates, Don’t carry your credit card, travel tickets and money together - leave spare cash and valuables in a safe place, Don’t carry your passport unless absolutely necessary and leave a copy of your passport (and travel and insurance documents) with family or friends at home, Avoid showing large sums of money in public and don’t use ATMs after dark, especially if you’re alone.  During the 5th and 6th centuries (from 430 to 533 AD), the Germanic Vandals invaded and ruled over a kingdom in Northwest Africa that included present-day Tripoli. You should be aware of your actions and take care not to offend other cultures or religious beliefs, especially during the holy month of Ramadan or other religious festivals, or if you intend to visit religious sites. The Ministry of Health also has a free information helpline for other COVID-19 queries: 80 10 19 19. , Tunisia's climate is Mediterranean in the north, with mild rainy winters and hot, dry summers. You can get information from the Global Disaster and Coordination System and monitor local media carefully. Check that you have adequate insurance and read the small print of the vehicle hire contract (particularly any waiver that will come into effect if the vehicle is damaged). Countries outside the EU and the Schengen area as well as the United Kingdom are currently by definition banned countries. SENEGAL.  ITF president Francesco Ricci Bitti said: "There is no room for prejudice of any kind in sport or in society.  The Code of Personal Status remains one of the most progressive civil codes in North Africa and the Muslim world. Also, Tunisia was occupied by Ayyubids between 1182 and 1183 and again between 1184 and 1187.. You can minimise these risks by taking precautions to protect yourself and your belongings. Legend says that Dido from Tyre, now in modern-day Lebanon, founded the city in 814 BC, as retold by the Greek writer Timaeus of Tauromenium. Honorary Consul of Ireland  In the 2011 constituent assembly, women held between 24% and 31% of all seats. In 2012, Tunisia participated for the seventh time in her history in the Summer Paralympic Games. , There are currently fifty art galleries housing exhibitions of Tunisian and international artists. Pierre Boucherle was its main instigator, along with Yahia Turki, Abdelaziz Gorgi, Moses Levy, Ammar Farhat, and Jules Lellouche. protection of water environment and combating pollution. After this success, the Almohads installed Walid Abu Hafs as the governor of Tunisia. Individual Tunisians are tolerant of religious freedom and generally do not inquire about a person's personal beliefs. Embassy of Ireland The themes of wandering, exile and heartbreak are the focus of their creative writing. Sadok Gmech draws his inspiration from national wealth while Moncef Ben Amor turns to fantasy. On 29th October 2018, security personnel and members of the public were injured following a bombing in central Tunis. Sahel and Esperance S.Tunis dominating. Tunisia is one of the European Union's most established trading partners in the Mediterranean region and ranks as the EU's 30th largest trading partner. From the age of 8, they are taught French while English is introduced at the age of 12. You should carry some form of photo ID (such as a copy of your passport) at all times.  On 6 February 2013, Chokri Belaid, the leader of the leftist opposition and prominent critic of Ennahda, was assassinated. The founders of Carthage also established a Tophet, which was altered in Roman times. Terrorists have carried out a number of attacks in recent years.  As of 2015[update], Tunisia has abandoned these plans. Your duty-free allowance means you can bring in a certain amount of goods for your own use from outside the European Union (EU) without paying duty or tax. Prisons are crowded and drug offenders represent nearly a third of the prison population. , The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet won the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize for its work in building a peaceful, pluralistic political order in Tunisia.. As the situation evolves these measures may be further adjusted and local measures to control the virus may be introduced as required. A Ministry of Culture was established, under the leadership of ministers such as Habib Boularès who oversaw art and education and power. It lies between latitudes 30° and 38°N, and longitudes 7° and 12°E. Aside from the president, Tunisians enjoy a significant degree of religious freedom, a right enshrined and protected in its constitution, which guarantees the freedom of thoughts, beliefs and to practice one's religion. You can contact the Embassy of Ireland in Madrid, which is accredited to Tunisia, if you require assistance or advice. Tunisia,[a] officially the Republic of Tunisia,[b] is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, covering 163,610 square kilometres (63,170 square miles).  As of 2015[update], Tunisia had a total renewable capacity of 312 MW (245 MW wind, 62 MW hydropower, 15 MW photovoltaics.). It has also made room for the rise of fundamentalist groups such as the Salafists, who call for a strict interpretation of Sharia law. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. In the last years of the Hafsid dynasty, Spain seized many of the coastal cities, but these were recovered by the Ottoman Empire. As for literature in French, it is characterized by its critical approach. Notable Tunisian musicians include Saber Rebaï, Dhafer Youssef, Belgacem Bouguenna, Sonia M'barek, Latifa, Salah El Mahdi, Anouar Brahem, Emel Mathlouthi and Lotfi Bouchnak. On 27th June 2019, two bombings took place in central Tunis, targeting security personnel. The TV media has long remained under the domination of the Establishment of the Broadcasting Authority Tunisia (ERTT) and its predecessor, the Tunisian Radio and Television, founded in 1957. , Tourism accounted for 7% of GDP and 370,000 jobs in 2009. , Since the revolution, some non-governmental organizations have reconstituted themselves and hundreds of new ones have emerged. EBA (until 31/12/2016, thereafter GSP) SAN MARINO. , After conquering Cairo, the Fatimids abandoned Tunisia and parts of Eastern Algeria to the local Zirids (972–1148). The export and import of Tunisian dinars is expressly prohibited. It is obligatory to declare sums greater than the value of 5,000 Tunisian Dinars. , Tunisia achieved independence from France on 20 March 1956 with Habib Bourguiba as Prime Minister. Its 1,300 kilometres (810 miles) of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin. Tunisia is situated on the Mediterranean coast of Northwest Africa, midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Delta. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. No preferential arrangements applicable. , Djerba, an island in the Gulf of Gabès, is home to El Ghriba synagogue, which is one of the oldest synagogues in the world and the oldest uninterruptedly used.  Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. The transition from a Latin-speaking Christian Berber society to a Muslim and mostly Arabic-speaking society took over 400 years (the equivalent process in Egypt and the Fertile Crescent took 600 years) and resulted in the final disappearance of Christianity and Latin in the 12th or 13th centuries. Germany announced on October 1 the lifting of its general outbound travel warning for a total of 160 countries outside the EU.   As a result, Tunisia is the only country in North Africa classified as "Free" by the Freedom House organization and is also considered by The Economist's Democracy Index as the only fully democratic state in the Arab World (Lebanon and Iraq being confessional democracies). If you are in Tunisia and concerned that you may have COVID-19 symptoms and/or have been exposed to an individual who tested positive for COVID-19 you should immediately contact the Tunisian Ministry of Health’s emergency medical service: SAMU – Tel.  Sunnis form the majority with non-denominational Muslims being the second largest group of Muslims, followed by Ibadite Amazighs. There is no Irish Embassy in Tunisia, so we are limited in the help we can provide in the event of an emergency. Remain vigilant and follow the advice of the local security authorities. Inland from the Sahel, between the Dorsal and a range of hills south of Gafsa, are the Steppes. 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